Risk map

How to Read This Map

This risk map is intended to advise heritage professionals and emergency responders about potential disaster risks that museums and heritage sites across the Western Balkans may face and to inform post-disaster response for heritage. This map is only a rough guide, which can serve as one tool in a broader analysis of all the risks facing heritage across the region. For the time being, this map is a pilot — focused on collecting information only for Albania and Serbia. We hope to expand the scope of B+CARE to the entire Western Balkans very soon.

The Heritage Sites

Each country categorizes heritage sites differently. For ease of use, this map displays each monument/heritage site using the same icon. However, clicking on a site will display some quick information, including the name, type of site, GPS coordinates, a small photo and a link to a page with more information.

The Risk Zones

Floods:

Flooding is a major threat to heritage lying near rivers and lakes throughout the region, with major floods becoming almost an annual event. This layer of the risk map attempts to show areas that are especially at risk of flooding, whether due to recent flooding events or their elevation, vis-à-vis neighboring bodies of water. The data for this zone comes from:

Albania: European Union, World Meteorological Association, United Nations Development Programme, “IPA Beneficiary Needs Assessment: Albania,” September 2011, p. 32. Available from http://www.gripweb.org/gripweb/?q=countries-risk-information/documents-publications/ipa-beneficiary-country-needs-assessment-albania [Accessed 5 April 2016].

Serbia: Sector for Emergency Management, Ministry of Interior, Republic of Serbia. Available map: http://prezentacije.mup.gov.rs/svs/HTML/karta%20rizika%20od%20elementarnih%20nepogoda.html [Accessed 11 April 2016].

Earthquakes:

Most of the Balkan region is at high risk of earthquakes. The data for this zone has been provided by the European Seismic Hazard Map, produced in August 2013 as a part of the European Union project “Seismic Hazard Harmonization in Europe (SHARE).” This project collected and published information on ground shaking (i.e. Peak Horizontal Ground Acceleration) to be reached or exceeded with a 10% probability in 50 years, corresponding to the average recurrence of such ground motions every 475 years, as prescribed by the national building codes in Europe for standard buildings. Credit for the information goes to:
D. Giardini, J. Woessner, L. Danciu, H. Crowley, F. Cotton, G. Grünthal, R. Pinho and G. Valensise and the SHARE consortium, SHARE European Seismic Hazard Map for Peak Ground Acceleration, 10% Exceedance Probabilities in 50 years, doi: 10.2777/30345, ISBN-13, 978-92-79-25148-1.

Landslides:

A landslide is the movement of rock, debris or earth down a slope. They result from the failure of the materials that make up the hill slope and are driven by the force of gravity. Landslides are often triggered by such events as heavy rainfall or earthquakes. Heritage sites located at the base of unstable hillsides, particularly in earthquake zones, are at high risk of damage from landslides.

Albania: Günther A., Van Den Eeckhaut M., Malet J.-P., Reichenbach P., Hervas J., and other members of the European Landslide Group, The European Landslide Susceptibility Map ELSUS 1000, Albania map retrieved from: ftp://ftp-i.u-strasbg.fr/malet/Elsus_V3/ALB.ai [Accessed 9 May 2016], more information available from: http://esdac.jrc.ec.europa.eu/themes/landslides

Serbia: Geological Information System of Serbia, Republic of Serbia, Ministry of Energy , Development and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia. Available map: http://geoliss.mre.gov.rs/karte/igk300.html [Accessed 11 April 2016].

Forest fires:

Forested areas are at risk of fire, particularly in the dry summer months.

Albania: European Union, World Meteorological Association, United Nations Development Programme, “IPA Beneficiary Needs Assessment: Albania,” September 2011, p. 34. Available from http://www.gripweb.org/gripweb/?q=countries-risk-information/documents-publications/ipa-beneficiary-country-needs-assessment-albania [Accessed 5 April 2016].

Serbia: Sector for Emergency Management, Ministry of Interior, Republic of Serbia. Available map: http://prezentacije.mup.gov.rs/svs/HTML/karta%20rizika%20od%20elementarnih%20nepogoda.html [Accessed 11 April 2016].

Heavy snowfall:

At higher elevations, accumulated winter snowfall can exceed 2 meters. The weight of this snow places a heavy burden on structures, sometimes causing roofs to collapse. Heavy snowfall can also impede emergency response efforts by blocking access.

Albania: European Union, World Meteorological Association, United Nations Development Programme, “IPA Beneficiary Needs Assessment: Albania,” September 2011, p. 33. Available from http://www.gripweb.org/gripweb/?q=countries-risk-information/documents-publications/ipa-beneficiary-country-needs-assessment-albania [Accessed 5 April 2016].


 

Attention:

This information on this map is incomplete! We do not claim that this map shows a comprehensive list of heritage sites. Nor does it illustrate all of the risks facing heritage across the Western Balkans. Our intention is to keep updating and expanding this map over the coming months and years with more information about monuments in the Western Balkans and the risks they face.

If you would like to contribute any information or corrections to this map, please contact the B+CARE team at info (at/@) balkancare (dot/.) net